How can tooth enamel be strengthened?

dental-care

How can tooth enamel be strengthened?

Healthy teeth from zero to 100 require knowledge, discipline and good tools. We have the latest knowledge for your oral health.

What to do with tooth decay?
Anyone who wants to have healthy teeth for a long time and avoid tooth decay, brushes diligently and avoids sweets – so far, so well known. Far less well known, but widespread is the topic of tooth erosion, i.e. acid-induced tooth enamel degradation. According to the German Oral Health Study, every second adult between the ages of 33 and 44 is affected ; Ascending trend.

Our tooth enamel is the hardest tissue in our body and is actually designed to protect our teeth for a lifetime. Incorrect eating and cleaning habits, but also various diseases can damage our tooth enamel so continuously that the protective layer that makes our teeth strong, resilient and healthy slowly but surely disappears forever. Because once the enamel is gone, it cannot be restored. The greatest enemy of tooth enamel is nutritional sins – even if we take care to avoid sweets to avoid tooth decay, many foods, soft drinks, energy drinks, sports drinks and fruit juices contain too much acid.

So if we sip acidic drinks or snack on acidic foods in the office all day long, we are exposing our tooth enamel to constant acid attack. It can then no longer remineralize and is gradually cleaned away. A first warning sign of tooth erosion are small yellow indentations on the teeth. Because the enamel is missing there, the yellowish dentine shimmers on the surface and the teeth appear yellow. This is not only an aesthetic issue, but ruins the teeth in the long term until only crowns and veneers can help.

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While lost enamel cannot be restored, weakened enamel can be strengthened . Practical tips: eat a whole apple for lunch instead of snacking on the pieces throughout the day; drink water instead of juices in between and also do without feeding bottles with isotonic drinks during sports – the teeth are washed around even more through the drinking bottle opening, and sports drinks usually contain more acid than you think. Special toothpastes and mouthwashes can also help to strengthen tooth enamel.

self test
If you want to know whether your lifestyle promotes tooth erosion, you can take a short test at opti- Schmelz.de and, after answering a few questions, you will receive an assessment on your cell phone. In any case, you should talk to your dentist about possible problem areas in your mouth and take countermeasures in good time.

What do oral flora and the immune system have to do with each other?
The mouth and nose are portals of entry for germs – and not only in children. Therefore, the bacterial world in our mouth is being researched more intensively today. The oral microbiome, i.e. the microorganisms naturally occurring in the mouth, are predominantly beneficial bacteria that live on the oral mucosa . These microorganisms assume key functions in the mouth and throat.

They fulfill important protective functions for our teeth and gums, can filter pollutants from the air and ward off dangerous pathogens. A large variety of different bacteria displaces foreign germs and thus ensures that they do not settle in the mouth. In addition, some types of bacteria in our oral flora can produce special antibodies that specifically attack and eliminate dangerous pathogens. The company Institut Allergosan has been dedicated to the microbiome for years on a scientific basis and has developed a lozenge for children and adults that strengthens the immune system via our oral flora and has been proven to have a preventive effect and also to treat chronic ENT infections. Anita Frauwallner, Head of the Allergosan Institute : “The bacterial strain Streptococcus salivarius K12 is an important part of our oral flora and defends its habitat against unwanted intruders. Supplemented with vitamin D, the body’s own defenses are supported” – an innovation in the fight against harmful bacteria.

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To keep the oral flora healthy, many people also rely on the tried and tested method of oil pulling . According to dentist Hady Haririan , head of the Department of Periodontology at the Dental Clinic of the SFU Vienna, there is nothing to be said against supporting natural methods for oral health: “There are different oils that you can extract. Isolated studies show that this is good and has an anti-inflammatory effect. If someone has a good feeling about it, it’s okay.” In general, a healthy oral flora requires a balanced, healthy diet and good dental hygiene: “The most important thing is to remove plaque thoroughly, i.e. to brush well. Everything else is additional.” , according to Haririan.

How does our oral health affect athletic performance?
Many insights that could eventually make us all healthier initially come from a supposedly niche corner – including the topic of performance and oral health. A recent study from the British Journal of Sports Medicine with 302 athletes made people sit up and take notice: 40 percent said that their oral health status affected their exercise performance and quality of life . In addition, it was observed that 55 percent of athletes have tooth decay and 76 percent have periodontal disease.

“A dry mouth often leads to dental problems in athletes.”
Marzia Massignani , Senior Manager Scientific Affairs at Sunstar , works to raise awareness among top athletes because oral health is essential to overall physical health. By the way, oral health does not only mean teeth and gums: Lips, tongue, the chewing muscles, the salivary glands, the mucous membrane of the mouth and throat, the upper and lower jaw and also the palate are also part of it. So why do health-conscious people who exercise regularly and even make a living from it have such problems?

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According to experts, there is a simple explanation for this: Athletes in particular need a lot of calories, which are often consumed throughout the day in the form of snacks, sports drinks or shakes. If, instead of water, other drinks are added, which are often acidic and often contain a lot of sugar, the tooth substance suffers. What many also don’t have on their radar: Mouth breathing during sports leads to reduced salivation and a dry mouth – ideal conditions for the growth of harmful bacteria.

Conclusion
What can we learn from this? Drink water instead of juice between meals, brush your teeth twice a day, avoid energy drinks when exercising and have regular oral hygiene and check-ups. Because our quality of life also suffers if our teeth are not cared for.

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