Mysterious rock chambers and new tombs discovered in Egypt

Mysterious rock chambers and new tombs discovered in Egypt

Newly discovered rock chambers in the ancient Egyptian necropolis of Abydos pose a mystery
In a recently published article , the online magazine Spiegel deals with a mysterious find near the ancient city and necropolis of Abydos. The magazine in turn refers to an article in the science magazine Spektrum der Wissenschaft, which was the first German medium to report on the find.

According to the articles, archaeologists discovered mysterious chambers on a steep rock face near Abydos. Their openings are already recognizable from the outside. This is shown by pictures published by the responsible Ministry of Antiquities. In some cases, there are several chambers behind the openings, as the ministry also reports. For what purpose the ancient Egyptians once built the chambers is still completely unclear. The rooms are just over a meter high and apart from a few inscriptions with ancient Egyptian names, the walls of the chambers are reportedly completely bare.

Other finds were also limited. So far, the archaeologists have mainly found pottery shards in the rooms, which according to the first results could come from the Ptolemaic period. It is therefore about a period between 332 and 30 BC and thus about 2,000 year old finds. This suggests to the scientists that the chambers were used during this period. But there is also the possibility that they are even older.

The scientists could not find any indications of graves or other cult objects. However, they still assume that there could be a connection between the chambers that have now been discovered and the cult site of Abydos. Numerous tombs and other important places of worship can be found in Abydos. In the so-called Middle Kingdom, Abydos developed into the main site of the cult of the god Osiris, the Egyptian god of the afterlife, rebirth and the Nile.

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Exciting grave finds in the past few months
Already at the beginning of the yearArchaeologists have already been able to report some exciting new discoveries in Egypt. For example, a grave mission took place at the Al-Ghoreifa archaeological site in Tuna el-Gebel, during which a whole series of new graves were discovered. Thus, the scientists came across sarcophagi with mummies of high priests of the god Thoth and several high officials. The graves contained several thousand artefacts and therefore represent a small sensation. Among the artefacts were a good 700 scarab amulets, some made entirely of gold, and several canopic jars. Canopic jars are vessels in which the entrails of the deceased were placed. There are also around 10,000 so-called shabtis. These are statuettes intended to represent the deceased and their staff.

According to the first investigations, the graves probably date from the 1st millennium AD and thus fall into the late period of the Egyptian era. By this time, Ancient Egypt was already weakened and frequently came under foreign rule. Therefore, the finds are all the more exciting because they can tell a lot about this difficult time for the Egyptians.

All in all, according to current information, the find includes 16 graves containing 20 sarcophagi made of limestone and wood. These are often decorated with hieroglyphs that give the name and social rank of the deceased. Therefore, the scientists can also say with relative certainty that the buried persons are likely to be several priests and officials. One of the deceased even appeared to have been the son of a king. Since not all sarcophagi have been opened, the exact number of the deceased and their exact background and origin is not yet known. On the whole, however, it is already clear that this is likely to be one of the most important finds in the region for years.

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