Why your butt hurts during your period

female-in-pain

Why your butt hurts during your period

Have you ever noticed that your butt hurts in a weird way during your periods? You are not alone in this. Bottom pain during the period is literally a pain in the ass and often makes the days even more stressful. What it is all about (and what helps against it):

Where does the butt pain come from?
What are we talking about here exactly? Period butt pain means you experience pain, cramping, or other types of discomfort in some part of your butt while you are in the bleeding phase of your menstrual cycle. We have to distinguish different types of butt pain here, for which it is important to deal with the anatomy of the butt a bit.

What you should know about your butt
The buttocks are made up of large, fleshy muscles that lie below the hips and above the thighs. Specifically, there are three glutes you should know about: the gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, and gluteus minimus. Together, these muscles can support you when sitting, walking, climbing stairs and more.

However, there is another important part of the butt that can cause pain: the anus and rectum. The anus is the lowest end of the digestive tract. It’s one of the main ways your body gets rid of waste, in the form of bowel movements. The anus is connected to the rectum, which is the last section of the large intestine.

What exactly is causing the pain?
Cramps, swelling of the uterus and bloating are common symptoms of the period. Unfortunately, they can also put pressure on the glutes. When enough tension builds up, muscles can spasm and cause pain in your lower back, pelvis, and buttocks. It can also make you feel like you need to pee, Elizabeth Kavaler, MD , assistant clinical professor of urology at Weil Cornell Medical College , tells SELF . And all of that together is pretty uncomfortable.

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What helps? You can relax your muscles with a bath, a massage or light physical activity, for example. If nothing works, hopefully a painkiller will give you relief.

culprit fibroma
Another possible problem that may be causing gluteal pain is an enlarged uterus due to fibroids. What is this now , do you think?

Let me explain: fibroids are noncancerous growths in the uterus that can develop during a person’s childbearing years. They can cause the uterus to press against your back or buttocks. Fibroids do not always cause symptoms, but if they do (e.g. heavy bleeding, pain during sex or urination, abdominal pain), it can be very stressful in everyday life for those affected.

Anal pain from constipation
A possible reason for anal pain during your period is constipation ( warning, this is getting a little horrible ). This is when you have bowel movements fewer than three times a week, when your stool is very hard and difficult to pass, or when it tends to be tough, dry, and clumpy. Aside from anal pain, constipation can also cause symptoms like bloody stools, abdominal and back pain, vomiting, fever, and more. High-fiber foods and plenty of water can help here.

Indication of endometriosis?
Anal pain could also indicate endometriosis , explains gynecologist Aimee D. Eyvazzadeh on self.com . Endometriosis foci sometimes sit on the so-called pudendal nerve, which stretches across the entire pelvis. When this nerve is irritated, you may experience stabbing pains in the skin around the anus, which worsens during your period.

When endometriosis is localized to the rectum or other parts of the gastrointestinal tract, it can sometimes cause pain in the gut as well, gastroenterologist Michelle Cohen, MD tells SELF . Intestinal endometriosis can be associated with other symptoms such as painful bowel movements, rectal bleeding, constipation, diarrhea, and bloating.

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Endometriosis often goes undiagnosed because sufferers assume the pain, especially during the period, is normal. But delaying treatment can lead to other problems, such as scarring of the fallopian tubes and poor egg quality, says Dr. Eyvazzadeh. Therefore, take symptoms seriously! In addition to severe period pain, other signs of endometriosis include heavy or irregular menstrual bleeding and pain during sex.

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